Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Attention Scuba divers--- May leads to Paralysis and Death.

        Scuba Diving may leads to paralysis and the role of physiotherapy 
                                                                                    

              Decompression sickness,Diver's disease or caisson's disease is owing to the formation of bubbles in the blood and tissues. In the normal altitudes nitrogen and other gases exhaled or dissolves in the blood and tissues. Due to the altitude changes these gases don't dissolves and forms gas bubbles and these formation of bubbles make some obstruction in the blood circulation.

                              We can graded this disease according to the severity of the disease.In grade 1 there is only mild pain, swelling owing to the inflammation in the muscles and joints.The grade 2 affects the systems and the most severe forms will lead to paralysis even death.


 Treatment:


                     It is extremely important to take treatment right away.If treated early there is significantly higher chance of successful recovery.
 In the severe forms of this disease , especially the patients who has the spinal and  cerebral symptoms require long term of rehabilitation. In this case the rehabilitation is same as like stroke or spinal injury cases, although the outcome is usually better. 
As same as other cases physiotherapists are more concentrates to improve the mobility and muscle strength, relearning walking and balancing skills.
Patients who needs long term ventilator care, the therapist should do chest physio to clear the lungs of mucus. The treatment Frequency and Duration will depends upon the severity of injury.The major improvement in motor areas will occur after six to twelve months following the treatment. Depression and psychiatric problems are common in  the cases of spinal injuries patients so psychological -rehabilitation plays an important role in these cases.
                                       

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